Work Models

  1. Flow Model
  2. Sequence Model
  3. Artifact Model
  4. Cultural Model
  5. Physical Model
  6. Metaphors


  1. Design Problem
  2. Literature Review
  3. Work Models
  4. Design Patterns
  5. Design Experiments
  6. Lesson Ideas
  7. Montessori Computes
  8. Thinking About Circles

Related Links

Patterns and Design



Here are some Contextual Inquiry questions about strategy (Contextual Design, p. 94)

  • What strategy is implicit in how the roles are organized?
  • How do individuals see themselves in the classroom?
  • What do they consider as their unique contribution to the class or school?
  • How does their contribution further the mission of the school?

"The approach is child-centred (Brehony 2000b), aiming to give children the maximum liberty to choose work and move freely while at school. At the same time it aims to develop the type of educational knowledge and social bearing valued by educational traditionalists, who tend to limit student choice and movement." (Feez, 2007, p. 65)

"The practical progress of the school demands... such a fusion as shall bring scientists directly into the important filed of the school and at the same time raise teachers from the inferior intellectual level to which they are limited to-day." (Montessori, 1964, p. 4)

"Every one now knows that students of natural science require in their laboratories an organization directed to the preparation of the material to be observed. To observe a simple cell in movement, it is necessary to have a hollow glass slide with cavity for the hanging drop to have ready 'fresh solutions' in which the living cells may be immersed to ensure their continued vitality; to have ready soils for cultures, etc. For all these ends there are special avocations, those of the so-called 'preparers,' who [are] nearly always themselves scientific graduates... If merely to observe a cell, a living microbe, the scientist needs a preparer,' how much greater must be the necessity for such an assistant when the subject to be observed is man... [A proper laboratory for the study of pedagogy] can only be the most perfect school, organized according to scientific methods, where the teacher is a person answering to the 'preparer' graduate." (Montessori, 1917/1995, pp. 98-99).

The following quotes were found at

"The teacher, when she begins work in our schools, must have a kind of faith that the child will reveal himself through work. She must free herself from all preconceived ideas concerning the levels at which the children may be."
(Montessori, 1995, p. 276)

This one isn't confirmed yet.

"The work of education is divided between the teacher and the environment."
- Discovery of the Child :: Clio Press, 1988 (reprinted 1996 edition) :: p. 152